Douglas Cardinal Foundation for Indigenous Waldorf Education – Fondation Douglas Cardinal pour une éducation autochtone Waldorf

Our Vision:

To promote, support and perpetuate Indigenous language, tradition and the wisdom of the Elders through Waldorf education.

Promouvoir, soutenir et maintenir la langue et les traditions autochtones grâce à la pédagogie Waldorf.

So the challenge today is to get back to the original principles of respecting the child and developing a concept of education around the child’s needs, around the child’s rhythms and teaching the child to be responsible, to follow his own talents, his own path and his own direction.

And I believe the system of Waldorf education does that and is open to bring in the languages, the teachings of the elders and the thousands of years of knowledge and traditions of being in harmony with the land, in harmony with each other, because their whole concept of teaching is teaching the child that we are all connected.

Douglas Cardinal

To see the complete video of Douglas on Indigenous Waldorf education:

Waldorf  is 100 years old – watch the video

Would you like to make a donation?

Donations made to the foundation will aid to finance scholarships for indigenous teachers at Waldorf education training centres and on-site Waldorf training for indigenous communities.

Any donation is appreciated. Thank you!

You can donate through Canada Helps. Just click the button below:

Donate Button

Or you can mail your donation to:

Douglas Cardinal Foundation for Indigenous Waldorf Education
140 Bruyere St.
Ottawa, Ontario
K1N 5E1

The Douglas Cardinal Foundation for Indigenous Waldorf Education is registered with Canada Revenue as a charity and will issue tax receipts for donations.

Interested in actively working with us? Join our Google groupIndigenous Steiner/Waldorf Working Group

For more information or to arrange a training session, contact our team through James Brian at jmbrian@rogers.com

Indigenous Heritage, Appreciation and Appropriation

Rudolf Steiner College Canada is inviting you to the sixth of our monthly follow-up DEI Zoom sessions. These sessions have provided an opportunity for continuing the discussions on themes around diversity, equity and inclusion, that were first raised at the RSCT Waldorf Development Conference in November 2020. This will be the final session of this year as Joaquin Munoz is moving to take up a new position at the University of British Columbia.

Sovereignty Education

As it is November, Indigenous History Month in the U.S., this session will explore aspects of Cultural Appropriation and Appreciation, and will offer an approach to engaging discussions and teaching of Indigeneity, using Sabzalian’s work on sovereignty education as a starting point.

Download the included reading: Affirming-Indigenous-Sovereignty

From the poster for the RSCT 2020 Waldorf Development Conference on Diversity, Equity and Inclusion in Waldorf Schools:

Dr. Joaquin Munoz, from the Pasua Yaqui tribe in Arizona, is Assistant Professor of Education at Augsburg University in Minneapolis, Minnesota. His focus is on Teacher Education and Preparation, Culturally Relevant Pedagogy/Culturally Responsive Schooling and Waldorf Education/Waldorf-inspired Education.  His Ph.D. thesis is entitled “The Circle of Mind and Heart: Integrating Waldorf Education, Indigenous Epistemologies and Critical Pedagogy”, 2016. Dr. Munoz writes “My life changed in 2013, upon being introduced to the amazing community of Waldorf teachers, instructors and families.” 

• How do we participate, consciously or unconsciously, in systemic racism? 

• What meaningful actions will we take in service to the leadership and agency
  of Black, Indigenous, and People of Color? 

• Where are the possibilities for each of us to prioritize racial justice in our
  work to further Waldorf education?

• How do we actively engage in anti-racism personally and professionally?

The Association of Waldorf Schools of North America recognizes the historic and ongoing  impact of racism on our continent and the injustice and discrimination faced by Black, Indigenous and People of Color. We understand that inclusivity and equity is a journey of both moral and educational imperative. As such, we take seriously our responsibility to bear witness to what is happening in the world, to center the voices of color in racial justice work, to change the course of inequities, and identify and break down structural racism in all forms where it exists, particularly in Waldorf education. We know that we have far to go as an association and as individuals in our understanding  of racial oppression and social justice. Advancing the principles of diversity, equity and  inclusion (DEI) is one of the compelling forces behind AWSNA’s strategic priorities. These  priorities make equity and inclusion central to our work and aim to bring us closer to the world that we want for our youth. 

Haudenosaunee Waldorf Shared Gifting Circle

By Kelley Buhles

“Today we have gathered and we see that the cycles of life continue. We have been given the duty to live in balance and harmony with each other and all living things. So now, we bring our minds together as one as we give greetings and thanks to each other as people.”
from the Haudenosaunee Thanksgiving Address

Skaronhyase‘kehà:ka staff enjoy a campfire

It was with these words that we opened our November 2020 Shared Gifting circle with three Kanyen’kehà:ka (Mohawk) culture and language immersion schools inspired by Waldorf approaches to education: Skaronhyase’kó:wa Everlasting Tree School, Tsi Tyonnhéht Onkwawen:na Language and Cultural Center, and the Akwesasne Freedom School. The purpose of the meeting was for these schools to collaboratively distribute a $100,000 pool of grant funding to support their shared efforts.

All three schools are focused on revitalizing Haudenosaunee or Rotinonhsón:ni (Iroquois), and specifically Kanyen’kehà:ka language and culture, believing the world is made better by Kanyen’kehà:ka culture, knowledge, and ways of knowing. They know language and culture are at the center of how their communities thrive, spiritually, mentally, physically, and emotionally. Their visions are to help our children become secure in their identity and skills, and to guide children to the sources of knowledge that their ancestors learned from to ensure it will live through their children for seven generations.

These three schools are also uniquely connected due to their shared interest and engagement in using Waldorf-inspired methodology to teach language and culture. Waldorf education aims to develop students intellectual, artistic, and practical skills in a holistic manner. Skaronhyase’ko:wa has been taking a lead role in forming a collective of Haudenosaunee schools that are interested in using Waldorf pedagogy to further the revitalization of Kanyen’kehà:ka language and culture.

In the interest of supporting this amazing and critical work, the Douglas Cardinal Foundation for Indigenous Waldorf Education and RSF Social Finance jointly raised $100,000 for these schools to come together for this Shared Gifting circle, a participatory grantmaking method that RSF has been working with for over 10 years. RSF has found that using this participatory grantmaking approach creates relationships and collaboration that wouldn’t otherwise happen in a traditional grantmaking process, and this circle was no exception.

There were many similarities, shared learnings and opportunities for collaboration among the participating groups. All three schools were experiencing the need to rapidly adapt their educational program and resources for COVID-19 safety, so there were shared requests for outdoor educational curriculum and equipment. There was also a strong desire to find more opportunities for their teachers to learn from each other through teacher exchanges and sharing best practices in language revitalization.

Ultimately, the group decided to divide up the funding so that some went towards the urgent needs of their schools ($70k) and some was put towards funding their ongoing collaboration ($30k). The group plans to continue to meet regularly to provide learning and sharing opportunities and they hope to be able to offer pedagogical and curriculum courses to other schools doing this work.

In the end the group’s decision making was quick and consensus based, and one could truly feel that they were of one mind when making their decisions. It was apparent that consensus decision making and resource sharing are embedded in their culture. It is important to recognize that while bringing the quality of gift back into philanthropy is still a radical concept in the field, Indigenous wisdom has long understood the true nature of gift money and its role in building community and relationships, as evidenced by this circle. Philanthropy has a lot that it can learn from Indigenous ways of knowing.

The participants of this circle and RSF are incredibly grateful to the funders for making this collaborative and generative process possible. Our hope is that participatory grantmaking methods such as this honor Indigenous wisdom and create resources that go beyond financial.

Kelley Buhles of Buhles Consulting is an independent contractor supporting RSF clients interested in participatory grantmaking. 

Reprinted from RSF Social Finance, March 17, 2021

A Chance to Reclaim the Gifts of Mother Earth


From the Toronto Star newspaper, May 3, 2020:

The coronavirus is sending us a message about our humanity. Here’s what we need to understand

by Douglas Cardinal

With many convocations postponed or cancelled, the Star asked some prominent people receiving honorary degrees to give the speech they would have given in the current climate.

Douglas Cardinal is being honoured by the University of Toronto with a Doctor of Laws degree for “outstanding service to the professions as a world-renowned Canadian architect and pioneer in sustainability, green buildings and ecologically designed community planning.”

I believe that each one of you is a precious gift to the world. Each of you has the opportunity of making the world a better place for the future of humanity and of your children. You have been raised on and nurtured by two realities; at one end, the maternal contribution of loving and caring by your mothers and family, and the other, the patriarchal and hierarchical reality of competitive exchange and materialism, which is the foundation of all the institutions of this society.

Remember that it was your mothers that gave you life by gifting their bodies to your very existence. Feeding and nurturing you from the gifts of their own bodies, gifting you hours of precious time and energy making sure that you grew up healthy and strong. Is that something you took for granted?

You are here today because of their continuous support. Yet these have no intrinsic economic value in the trade and exchange system which you are entering. You will now move from the maternal “gift economy” of your parents and loved ones into the patriarchal barter economy from which everything, including yourselves, are based on “value,” money and exchange.

In that reality you will be forced to compete with everyone around you to gain as much material wealth as possible for you and your family. Even collaboration will be based on advantage, benefit and profitability.

You will need to care about yourself because in this paradigm, caring freely and unconditionally about others is a practice you cannot afford. In the barter economy everything and everyone has a price, fixed by the market, and it is the market that defines the value of every person and resource.

Before the Europeans came and imposed their “market economy” on this land, the Indigenous peoples had adopted the maternal economy, the “gift economy” based on loving and caring for each other. This was the basis of communication, language and trade.

Status in the Indigenous cultures depended not on how many resources one acquired and kept; on the contrary, status depended on how much one could give to others. It reinforced the value that human beings were loving spirits clothed in flesh.

Their societies respected the contribution of women and the elders who gifted the children and the community as a whole, with the stories of the people and the wisdom of their culture. They moulded their society around gift-giving. They lived seeking constant equilibrium with nature-based environments seeking to take only what was needed to balance life with others, including all life-givers and Mother Earth herself.

They saw that the resources of the water, land and the air were gifts from our Mother Earth and the Creator of all life in this amazing blue planet where we are all connected.

Look at today’s coronavirus crisis. What is it telling us about our humanity?

Our elders, our very own mothers and fathers who are living outside our immediate family circles, are dying in “old age” homes, without the presence of their children and grandchildren because they have no productive value.

The greed and selfishness of the patriarchal system goes further; how has this society treated our Mother, the Earth? Her bountifulness is gifting us with everything we need. How do we reciprocate?

The system voraciously exploits her gift to the point that we are destroying all life on this planet. Through our waste and pollution, we are annihilating the life of the oceans, the forest, the land, the air. The system is creating destruction, with our ravenous factories and irresponsibly built environment.

This is the market’s idea of “progress.” How to heat up our planet until we kill our host Mother Earth, so that humanity extinguishes alongside.

Loving, caring, encouragement, respect, gratitude, humbleness … these are the elements humans require when facing difficulties. COVID-19 has dramatically shown we can only survive when we concentrate on loving and caring for others. When we give the supplies available to people that need these resources to survive, so that we can all lay the foundation for our future.

We must understand that we have put life on this planet in jeopardy and we can only survive the crisis we have created by returning to the maternal economy of the Indigenous gift-giving worldview, which kept the resources in balance and harmony with the natural environment.

We can see that when we stopped that market economy, the factories and cars that are so pollutant, we were “forced” to gift Mother Earth with clear skies and cleaner water, a break from the path to annihilation.

Now we can imagine cities designed with more green spaces that are connected so we can breathe undisturbed. Homes that are healthy and nurturing, that use renewable natural materials that gift humans with fulfilment and a sense of well-being and pragmatic harmony with the environment. Places where people can find happiness and gratification without the madness of ego, the rushed and desperate “me now.”

Can we build a positive legacy? A place where future generations are raised with loving and caring by the gift maternal economy? In spite of the idiocy of the patriarchy, the maternal economy is still thriving and saving humanity right now in the pandemic.

What kind of society do you want to create? In what kind of society will your gift flourish best? You have the precious gift of choice.

Douglas Cardinal’s designs include the Canadian Museum of History (formerly the Canadian Museum of Civilization) in Gatineau, Que., and the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington.

This article originally appeared in the Toronto Star, May 3, 2020

Photo of Douglas Cardinal was taken in Ottawa, in August 2016.

Indigenous Student Teachers at RSCT Summer Festival of Arts and Education


Photo above: Donovan Thompson (Tehoniehta:ronweh) and Josiah Maracle (Ronkwe’tiyohstha), from the Everlasting Tree School, drum for the group July 19th.

Unlike in 2018 when the RSCT Summer Festival featured a week-long course on Indigenous Waldorf, this year there was no equivalent course. Nevertheless, the RSCT was pleased to welcome four young Haudenosaunee participants for the 2019 Summer Festival of the Arts and Education.

The RSCT Summer Festival takes place usually in the last three weeks of July every year and includes many courses geared to the part-time Professional Development for Waldorf Teachers program, along with other general interest and Waldorf-related courses.

Now that the Summer Festival has finished for 2019, it seems fitting to look back over a few of the highlights from the program. This will by no means be all-inclusive but rather a brief sampling of the experiences shared by participants during those three weeks in July, with some emphasis on indigenous students and indigenous themes.

Waldorf Essentials from 4 to 23

Waldorf Essentials is a introductory Waldorf 101 style course led by veteran teacher and musician Merwin Lewis of the London Waldorf School. Whereas last year Merwin’s course had only four students, this year there were 23.

Merwin spiced things up for his students with a Chladni plate demonstration showing the visual effect of a musical tone on grains of sand and mystified the entire class by shining a projector beam of light through two containers of colored liquid to produce a third colour that none would have guessed.

Creative Felting with Kathie Young

Kathie Young’s felting class was another group that continued to attract more students as the days went by. Each student made a felted wool gnome that stood about eight inches high,and a felted wool landscape picture. Many of the students also made little wool balls. One student felted some hair from a dog she once had and made it into a brooch.


Photo above: Hemlock (Iakovihwatoken) with three felted crafts she made in Kathie Young’s class in week two of the Summer Festival.

Felting class students were loathe to take breaks, preferring to beaver away on their projects. The focus, enthusiasm and excitement in the room was palpable. In the photo above they are holding the felted wool gnomes that each of them has made in the class.

Studying Nutrition and Making Fermented Foods

Another course where participants made things was in Fiona Hughes’ nutrition course during Week Two. There, in addition to studying anthroposophical perspectives on health and nutrition, and discussing a wide variety of diets, students made kimchi, beet kvass, and fermented almond chocolate coconut balls.

Aerial Silks in the Movement Games Class

Some classes benefitted from unplanned program additions. One of these was Marie France’s Movement Games course. On Thursday afternoon Liisa Hymander, from the Northern Lights School in Thunder Bay, joined the class as a guest presenter to show everyone how to use aerial silks. All the course participants got to try all the moves and tricks that Liisa demonstrated.

Liisa said she had started with aerial silks five years ago. She bought a silk and put it up in her house for her own children to play with. She worked with a woman who had attended circus school in Montreal and has also done some circus classes herself.

She says that when children have a buildup of energy and have a hard time handling it, it’s helpful for them to do any sort of inversion, whether it be hanging upside down in the silks or just a simple headstand. She said it helps to rebalance the body. Liisa has also worked with adults on aerial silks and she said they find it a good confidence builder.

First-Thing-in-the-Morning Singing

This year, the day started with singing every morning from 8:30 to 9:00, ending with an Indigenous prayer and a reading from the Calendar of the Soul. The first week’s singing was led by Monika Sutherland from Wisconsin, who was also here to teach music for the grade intensives. She shared a lot of fun songs, some with movements, like the one from the Torres Straits Islanders (Photo of Monika leading that song below).


In weeks two and three the singing was led by Elisabeth Chomko, who teaches music in the full-time Waldorf teacher program at RSCT. One of the songs Elisabeth brought was an African tune, titled “Bemka Bafazi”. On the first day she sang it, she asked if anyone could translate the meaning of the words.

David Hesketh spoke up and said he could ask one of his Zulu friends from South Africa and get back to us on it. A couple days later, David had heard back from his friend that it was a song about “crossing over” which was at the same time about dying and about going to sleep, and about connecting with the ancestors who had crossed over. The song is sometimes sung at funerals. He said it was in the Mpondo dialect, which is a subgroup of the Xhosa language, used by people of the Eastern Cape area of South Africa, near the place where Nelson Mandela was born.

David had returned to Canada just five weeks earlier, from 19 years in South Africa, in the middle of which he taught in Vancouver for five years. David had been a graduate of the first RSCT teacher education course in the current location in 1990-91. Brian Searson was one of his classmates. During that year, David practice taught in James Brian’s Grade Two class at the Ottawa Waldorf School. Now this fall, he will be joining the faculty of the Halton Waldorf School, as pedagogical director.


One morning as part of the singing, Elisabeth invited some of the Haudenosaunee course participants from the Everlasting Tree School (Donovan Thompson (Tehoniehta:ronweh) and Josiah Maracle (Ronkwe’tiyohstha)) to lead everyone in a song and dance (photo above). This attracted a lot of interest from the young Toronto Waldorf School campers outside who crowded around the music room windows to get a closer look. And in between Donovan and Josiah in the photo above, you can see Jocelyn Jamieson (Konwenten:ras), who is also connected with the Everlasting Tree School.


Photo above: Donovan Thompson (Tehoniehta:ronweh) and Josiah Maracle (Ronkwe’tiyohstha) in Larry Young’s painting class at the 2019 Summer Festival.

Early Childhood Waldorf Full Time Studies — an Indigenous Student’s Experience

Wahsonti:io Hill is a one of six full-time students who graduated last month from the Rudolf Steiner Centre Toronto’s one-year full-time Professional Development for Waldorf Teachers program, and one of two who chose to specialize in early childhood. Their program is called Professional Development for Waldorf Early Childhood Teachers Full-Time.* Wahsonti:io is third from the right in the photo above of the full time grads cutting the cake at their graduation.

Everlasting Tree School Connection

Wahsonti:io’s first exposure to Waldorf came through her friend, Chandra Maracle, who was one of the founders of the Everlasting Tree School at the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory (near Brantford). Chandra recognized the benefits of the Waldorf approach for Indigenous children, and she would drop little seeds to stimulate interest among her friends.

Later Chandra took her friends to visit some Waldorf schools and shared with them the knowledge she had gained about Steiner’s approach to children and learning. From what Chandra showed her, Wahsonti:io saw the beauty in Waldorf education and appreciated how it fit with Indigenous culture.

Wahsonti:io’s path then led her to take part in the RSCT’s Foundation Studies Encounter program in Thornhill, with Paul Hodgkins in 2008. At the time she had no intention to teach. She just wanted to understand anthroposophy and the foundations of Waldorf for her own personal interest.

Photo above — Family members at the graduation June 2019, L-R: Audrey Hill, sister, Karonto:ton, daughter, Ienenhstaienthos, daughter, Kakwiri:io, son, Ollie Beaver, father, Rarahkwaseres, son, Teiehkwa, daughter, Atiaktatie, partner, Wahsonti:io.

Journeying with her Children

Then when the Everlasting Tree School (a Waldorf initiative) started nine years ago, she enrolled her daughter in Grade One and her son in Kindergarten. Those were the only two classes being offered at the time. Her daughter, Teiehkwa, graduated from Grade Eight at ETS last June (2018). And this past year when Wahsonti:io was living in Thornhill to attend the full-time program, her daughter, Teiehkwa (photo below), took on the role of being the primary female at home, even though she was only 15 years old.

She made sure her Downs-Syndrome brother got up in the morning and got off to school. She did the cooking, and played the role of the mom. Wahsonti:io said that her kids enjoyed school. But, over the four years she struggled with cancer, starting at age 11, Teiehkwa missed a lot of school, and needed tutoring. It was during that time that Wahsonti:io had started in the part-time Waldorf teacher program at the RSCT, but had to withdraw so she could be there for her daughter.

Benefits of the Full-Time Program

Later, Wahsonti:io decided to do the full-time program at RSCT (instead of continuing with the part-time program). She knew she wanted to have a more in-depth understanding of the early years in Waldorf education. She said that having completed the full-time program now, she would not even consider the part-time program, given what the full-time program provides.

She said that at RSCT, all the instructors brought to the classroom an in-depth understanding from their own classroom experiences. Each built on the other in terms of understanding Steiner’s model of education and child development. She said the opportunities to do practicums with master teachers really enabled her to put into practice what she had been learning.

Putting the Learning into Practice

Wahsonti:io was grateful to have been able to work with Mary and Genevieve in the TWS Birchgrove kindergarten, as well as with Mario and his helpers in the TWS childcare. And also with Lea in the Parent and Tot, and with Laurie in her Hearthstone home childcare. Wahsonti:io said they were all amazing people. She also spoke of her feelings of being welcomed into the community here and made to feel at home by everyone she encountered. She said she feels fortunate to have been a part of it this year during her full-time studies at the RSCT.

One thing Wahsonti:io wants to do next is to take some courses in the Pickler method to better understand how the lower senses are formed in the earliest years of child development, and to learn what a child needs, and what they will not benefit them.

Marionette Show about the Seven Dancing Stars

Wahsonti:io said that one of the parallels between Waldorf and Indigenous cultures is the central role of stories and storytelling. Last January she was invited by Patti Wolfe to work with a group of experienced Waldorf educators to help develop a marionette show based on an Indigenous legend about the Seven Dancing Stars.

Patti had come to her with a script, but Wahsonti:io was able to help her find a more authentic version of the story. Patti also wanted to consult with her about skin color and clothing for the puppets that were to represent the Indigenous parents and children in the story. The marionette show was presented as part of the Toronto Waldorf School’s Children’s Winter Festival, and again a few weeks later for audiences at the Everlasting Tree School’s midwinter festival.

Wahsonti:io played the drum for the performances and got to see how a Waldorf marionette show was put together from very beginnings through performance for audiences. She said she was surprised how much work was involved in really doing it well. Photo below: Wahsonti:io and Patti during rehearsal.

Wahsonti:io says that the story of the Seven Dancing Stars is about the constellation of the Pleiades. She said that her people watch that constellation rise in the night sky so that they will know when to celebrate the midwinter ceremony, which is the most important ceremony of the year. It’s the appearance of those stars that signals the timing of the ceremony. Wahsonti:io said that many Indigenous traditions connect that constellation with the origin of their people.

About the Full-Time Program

Earlier, Wahsonti:io had taken courses to qualify for an Ontario Teaching Certificate. It was a 3 to 4 year part-time program. She said that program was more about what you fill the children’s heads with, and about the legalities and liabilities of teaching. After completing that program she did some second-language teaching in Indigenous language and culture schools. But Wahsonti:io said that what she learned in the Ontario Teaching Certificate program doesn’t begin to compare with what she learned over the past year at the RSCT, in terms of preparing her to stand before the children with love and a sense of who she is as a person.

Wahsonti:io had nothing but praise for the leadership of the full-time RSCT Waldorf teacher program and how Early Childhood Program Director Jan Patterson and Teacher Education Director James Brian work together, bringing their compassion, their skills, their knowledge and their organization together to make it all happen for the students. She said she also appreciated James’ help with finding a suitable place to stay, and the help of the Toronto Waldorf School in including her daughter in the first grade class while Wahsonti:io completed her teaching studies.

In addition, Wahsonti:io said she also enjoyed being able to make friends with other aspiring Waldorf teachers from all around the world, including students from Mexico, China, and Korea, and to have the opportunity to learn about their cultures. Now she feels she has lifelong friends from around the world. And with the professional development she was able to achieve at the RSCT she feels she now has something more to bring to the Six Nations children that would immensely benefit their spirits.

Bringing it all Back Home

Now that she’s graduated as a Waldorf early childhood teacher, Wahsonti:io plans to start a home childcare program on the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory. She says that although there are already four Ministry of Education daycares on the reserve, as well as several private home daycares, there are still long waiting lists, and there’s still a need. In addition to a Waldorf approach to early childhood, Wahsonti:io wants to offer an immersion in Mohawk language and culture for the children in her home childcare.

And now that she has experienced the community of living and studying here, she wants to try to re-create something of that in her own life through her home childcare and by encouraging others to take an interest in Waldorf, and eventually come to study at the RSCT.

*In case you’re wondering why the convoluted names, it’s because, for the last few years, the RSCT has been limited by the government to enrolling students who already have teaching experience, or in the case of part-time program, students who are currently teaching in schools. An application process is underway to reclassify the RSCT as a private career college. And once that process is complete and accepted by the government, the RSCT will once again be able to accept students into teacher education programs and early childhood teacher education programs without needing them to have had prior teaching experience or current teaching positions.

© Copyright 2018-19 RSCT Inc.  All rights reserved. Reprinted by permission.

Emergency Pedagogy April 5, 6, 2019 at Everlasting Tree School

The unspeakable happens every day. Afer that, nothing is as it was. Every day, children are traumatized by violence, abuse, war, expulsion, accidents, medical interventions or natural disasters. The younger the victim is, the longer and more intense the traumatic event continues, and the closer the relationship between the trauma victim and the perpetrator, the more lasting the traumatic shock becomes.

Dealing with Trauma

Psycho-traumas are psychological wounds that can lead to life-threatening complications if inadequately treated. If children and adolescents do not succeed in coping with their stressful events, various trauma sequel disorders can occur, which can eventually lead to a biographical break in the event of a severe continuing chronic process.

Often victims then become perpetrators. Waldorf education as emergency pedagogy is a partial aspect of an overall trauma pedagogy concept that is based on a four-phase trauma progression model. Emergency pedagogy is not trauma therapy. It is an attempt to stabilize traumatized children and young people by means of pedagogical interventions, to activate their self-healing powers and to support them in the processing and the biographical integration of their traumatic experiences.

Introduction to Psycho-traumatology Seminar

With Bernd Ruf, author of “Educating Traumatized Children”

Suggested Donation: $100

Friday, April 5th from 1 PM to 8 PM (dinner included)

Saturday, April 6th from 9 AM to 12 PM

at The Everlasting Tree School

775 Seneca Rd, Ohsweken, ON,

N0A 1M0

For more Information and Registratoon: Send an e-mail to info@everlastingtree.org or call 519-445-1333

Note: Presentation will be in German, with translation by Regine Kurek.

Indigenous Waldorf Marionette Performances

The Silk and Strings Marionettes group put their recent learnings about Indigenous culture to good use earlier this year in three performances of  “The Dancing Stars”, the Mohawk legend of the Origin of the Pleiades, at the Toronto Waldorf School’s Children’s Winter Festival in mid-January of 2019.

Putting the Learning into Practice

Many members of the group had attended last November’s RSCT Waldorf Development Conference and/or last years RSC Summer Festival’s Indigenous Waldorf Week which were about how to integrate Indigenous cultural material into the Waldorf curriculum in a respectful and good way.

The group consisted of current and former Waldorf EC teachers and RSC teacher trainees.

One of those trainees, Wasohnti:io Hill, was very instrumental in making the performances possible. She suggested this particular story and was very generous with her support, offering advice with respect to the creation of the script and costumes, doing the drumming and singing in the performance  and helping with the coordination with her Mohawk community.

After the TWS Winter Festival performances, the Silk and Strings Marionette group was invited to present the same “Dancing Stars” puppet show at the Everlasting Tree School at Six Nations of the Grand River Territory.. The Everlasting Tree School is a Mohawk immersion school that just last year was recognized by AWSNA as a Waldorf initiative.

It was particularly meaningful that the group was able to offer two performances there on February 2nd, since this story is a central part of their community’s New Year ceremonies that are held right at that time of year.

Performing for an Indigenous Community

One of the players in the group, Patti Wolfe, sent this report about their experience at the Everlasting Tree School:

“Our performances at the Everlasting Tree School went very well indeed. Everyone from the ETS community and our marionette group were very excited about the opportunity to come together for the event.  We were beautifully welcomed with all the support we needed to stage the production and we were warmly hosted with bountiful servings of wonderful healthy food all day, including some specially prepared indigenous dishes .Two of the Everlasting Tree School teachers were able to step in at the last minute and take up supportive parts in the performance which very much added to the wonderful feelings of connection.

The audience was a mixed crowd of the very young, adolescents and elders as well as visitors from afar. This was a wonderful step forward in developing a stronger relationship between our established Waldorf community and this young and growing Mohawk immersion school that has chosen to embrace Waldorf pedagogy.

Sharing with the Community

Afterwards, we were able to sit together over soup and hear about Mohawk (Haudenosaunee) history and culture and to share questions and common contemplations. There was also some discussion about the possibility of future shared marionette shows. I would say that it felt good all round and in fact for me it felt very much like a happy reunion.”

It is encouraging to see how last year’s Indigenous Waldorf courses and conferences at the RSCT are bearing fruit in both regular and indigenous Waldorf school settings so close to home. Let’s hope that, as time goes on, Indigenous Waldorf will find growing acceptance across Canada and across the continent.

Photos are from the dress rehearsal for the Toronto Waldorf School performance in January 2019.

© Copyright 2018-19 RSCT Inc.  All rights reserved. Shared here by permission.

From Architecture to Education – Douglas Cardinal’s own Story

Douglas Cardinal wrote this, a few years ago, as a forward to the third volume of Rudolf Steiner’s lectures on architecture, translated by Frederick Amrine. We are reprinting it here with Douglas’ permission:


Photos are of Douglas Cardinal on Victoria Island in the Ottawa River, where he hopes one day to build an Asinabka Cultural Centre. Douglas was speaking to participants in an anthroposophical conference in the summer of 2016.

Architecture is a powerful medium that defines our everyday lives. When I am in the city amid the buzz of its activity what I sense most is the human chaos it produces. Cities and buildings have become functional, mechanical, analytical entities geared toward a materialistic and linear productivity. Human elements of love, beauty and compassion are, if not void, isolated to hermetic isles. Compartmentalization, alienation, and disconnection are paramount to mechanical efficiency, but originate much of our social malaise.

In the late 1950s, when I was a young architecture student at the University of Texas in Austin, one of my mentors who supported me in developing my own approach to architecture was Hugo Leipziger-Pierce. I felt, and still feel, that the profession should be geared towards creating balance and harmony between people and the environment. I wanted to develop my own practice to truly serve the needs of people by respecting and caring for families living more in harmony with nature, and with their own nature.

For this, Professor Leipziger-Pierce felt that it was necessary for my development to introduce me to the work of Rudolf Steiner. We spent many hours together as he translated Steiner’s philosophy of architecture, which at the time was only published in his native German language. I studied Steiner’s organic approach to architecture, its inspiration from nature, and the people who would live, experience and function in its spaces. The strong sculptural forms that he shaped into buildings captured my imagination and inspired me to approach architecture in a fundamentally different way.


There is a strong spiritual emphasis throughout Steiner’s philosophy, which demonstrates a deep love and caring for all life, and a reverence and respect for everyone, particularly children. His philosophy is holistic and centered on multidisciplinary approaches to understanding the purpose and application of any single discipline. This understanding was reinforced by my own Anishnaabe elders who taught me that everything in the Universe is connected. Every action affects another.

The principles of organic architecture allow us to envision a building as an organic entity, where all stakeholders give shape to the form they will use and inhabit. It works with abstracted forms from within nature, as well as our own dynamic living forms, to create spaces that add drama to each function. Like an embryo, each cell or space is interconnected to each other. Placing that organism on the site, it evolves further to respect not only the internal forces that are shaping it, but the external forces as well, such as topography, landscaping, sun angles and wind patterns.

Many of these concepts, which I have come to apply throughout my architectural career, I learned through my study of Rudolf Steiner, who has remained a critical influence for me, along with others such as Francesco Borromini, Antonio Gaudi and Frank Lloyd Wright.

From Architecture to Education

In laying the foundation for the lives of our own children, my wife Idoia and I discovered Waldorf Education. Also based on Steiner’s insightful philosophy, Waldorf schools provide a similarly nurturing environment that connects discipline with the emotional, intellectual and spiritual growth of the child. This has confirmed for us both how important it is to share the work of Rudolf Steiner with as many people as possible.

I feel privileged to have been able to draw deeply from Steiner’s philosophy as an inspiration in my work and in my life, and believe that these translations will broaden his influence for the benefit of the architectural profession and society as a whole.

Douglas J. Cardinal


Indigenous Culture and Education Update


There seems to have been a recent surge of interest in Indigenous culture not only in Waldorf circles, but in Canadian society at large.

At least some people are finally asking “Why is a quarter of Canada’s prison population Indigenous?” instead of just totally ignoring the status quo (as in this Feb. 18th, 2018 story from “The Conversation”) .

In a recent Canadaland podcast from October 22nd, Ryan McMahon wonders out loud how a city like Thunder Bay can be white nirvana for some, while remaining “Murder Bay” for the Indigenous population.

Finding The Path Forward

In a Toronto Star story from October 31, Star reporter and this year’s Massey lecturer, Tanya Talaga, who is herself Indigenous, highlights the role that educators can play in Indigenous reconciliation. From that story:

“The Indigenous experience in all of these colonized nations is startlingly similar, Talaga said. It is marked by violent separation from the land, from families and from traditional ways of life.

In Canada, that experience has seen children removed from their homes and placed in residential schools and foster care. It has also resulted in an epidemic of youth suicides.

“When children are born into adversity, into communities without clean water or proper plumbing with unsafe housing, parents suffering with addictions and traumas, when they have to leave their communities to access health care and education — basic rights easily obtained by other children in this country — when they do not have a parent to tuck them into bed at night or tell them that they love them, children die,” Talaga said.

She gave high praise to educators for taking it upon themselves to learn and teach about the true history of Canada’s Indigenous Peoples.

“While education has played a huge role in damaging relations between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities, it is also going to play a crucial role in reconciling that relationship,” she said.

Legions of teachers are reading and teaching books by Indigenous authors and historians even if their governments are not keeping pace with what they are doing in the classroom.

“The educators will always lead us forward,” she said to loud applause….”


The Walrus magazine published an excerpt from Tanya Tagaq’s book “Split Tooth”, a fictionalized account of Indigenous youth experience, in their October 2018 issue.

Student Walkout in Ontario

Back in September non-Indigenous students across Ontario walked out of their classrooms for a day of protest against premier Doug Ford’s rollback of the 2015 sex-ed curriculum, as well as changes to the Indigenous curriculum in Ontario. The following is from a CTV news story dated Sept. 21st, 2018:

“It’s time for all students to stand up and fight for our right to education. We the students will walk out, protest, and demand the reinstatement of the 2015 sex ed curriculum and re-establishment of the indigenous curriculum rewrite. We the students will not stop. We will not relent. Not until we win this fight.”

The Upside Down

In Australia, while the general attitude towards the Indigenous peoples is probably no farther ahead than in Canada, there are a few bright spots, such as the National Museum of Australia exhibit on the Seven Sisters Songline, and Bill Lang’s book “Old Man’s Story”.

In New Zealand, Neil Boland is working on promoting a working together of Waldorf and Indigenous cultures.

The Indigenous Waldorf  Movement

And on the Waldorf front, the Rudolf Steiner Centre Toronto and the Douglas Cardinal Foundation for Indigenous Waldorf are not the only organizations working on bringing Indigenous and Waldorf cultures together.

In the United States, the Lakota Waldorf School has been a pioneer in integrating Waldorf and Indigenous culture. And in a recent issue of the Waldorf Today newsletter, there was an announcement about a gathering Oct 5-7 in the Sierra foothills east of Sacramento titled:

“Reconnecting – Bringing Indigenous Wisdom into Life and Education Weekend”

The announcement ran as follows: “We invite you to a gathering on Indigenous People’s weekend for educators, and all who care about our young people and the future of Mother Earth. With well known native artists/educators James Marquez, Stan Padilla, Aiona Anderson and Waldorf educators Jack Petrash and Nancy Poer

Reverent awareness of our interconnectedness with the natural world is primal knowledge among First Nation’s indigenous peoples. Today there is alarming disregard for our Mother Earth, and a disconnect from the very sources of life itself. We need a vital reconnection more than ever.

In this gathering respected indigenous educators and healers will share their native wisdom in dialogue, story, art, food, ceremony, healing practices for daily life and making beautiful crafts as community gifts. We will look at how we can enhance the Waldorf curriculum with renewing ideas. This ongoing work on behalf of our young people is to bring them a truer, deeper story of our nation’s history and support a higher, more inclusive understanding of life.

White Feather Ranch retreat center, at a site of ancient native grinding rocks, is an hour east of Sacramento in the Sierra foothills. There are rustic ranch style accommodations and 70 acres for camping. The program includes campfires, a chance for sleeping under the stars, a sunrise ceremony on Sunday followed by practical indications for our teaching curriculums….”

So Indigenous Waldorf is not just a local phenomenon.

Excitement Building for Waldorf Development Conference on Integrated Indigenous Cultural Material in the Waldorf School Setting, Nov. 9th and 10th at the RSCT in Thornhill

As of Monday Nov. 5th there have been registrations from as far away as Squamish B.C., Washington D.C., Detroit, Buffalo, Kingston, Ann Arbor, London, Montreal and the Waldorf Academy in Toronto. And from the Toronto Waldorf School alone, 18 teachers have registered. In total so far, 75 people have already registered for this event.

That’s compared to 55 people who attended last year’s conference. The difference in numbers might indicate that this year’s topic has caught the imagination of Waldorf teachers across the continent.

Don’t miss out on this unique opportunity to learn about integrating Indigenous material into the Waldorf curriculum. Here’s a link to the website page with links to online registration forms (the links to the online forms are down at the bottom of that page).

There will be online registrations only, for this event. Deadline for registering is Friday Nov. 9th at 6 pm. But please register as early as possible to help with planning the food and the space. Thank you.

“We Will Gather Our Minds” – Akwesasne Indigenous Educators Conference Report

In the lead up to the Rudolf Steiner Centre Toronto’s Nov. 9th & 10th Waldorf Development Conference which will address the topic of how to incorporate Indigenous cultural material in the Waldorf school setting, we thought it might be relevant to publish two reports on a unique conference which took place last August at the Akwesasne reserve near Coburg, Ontario. The conference was designed to introduce Indigenous educators to Waldorf pedagogy and was led almost entirely by Indigenous Waldorf educators. 

Please note that if you want to attend the November Waldorf Development conference you must register online in advance. This is because lunches need to be pre-ordered and the space needs to be prepared with enough chairs etc.. So please register as soon as possible. Registration closes Nov. 9th at 6 pm. No in-person registrations will be accepted at the start of the conference.  Click Here to get to the page on the RSCT.ca website, with the online registration forms. 


Fifty-three Mohawk educators, from five different reserves, along with some Oneida language teachers, met last August for a three-day conference at the Akwesasne reserve near Cornwall Ontario to share and learn about indigenous Waldorf education.

Indigenous Leadership for Indigenous Waldorf Education

Most of the leaders and presenters at the conference — Sean Thompson, Amy Bombery and Chandra Manacle (from Everlasting Tree School) and Tara Skidder (Akwesasne Freedom School) — were, themselves, indigenous educators. Waldorf was new to many of the participants, so it was ideal that they could hear about it from fellow indigenous educators.


The sole exception was Elise Pomeranz, who, while not being indigenous herself, has been working closely with the Everlasting Tree School. Elise led workshops in painting and clay. Rudolf Steiner Centre Toronto executive director and Douglas Cardinal Foundation president, James Brian, attended the conference as a participant and organizer.

Douglas Cardinal was there

Douglas Cardinal himself was on hand to give the keynote address, and he stayed all through the day, participating in all the activities with the others. Douglas Cardinal is an indigenous architect from the Blackfoot band in southern Alberta who first encountered the work of Rudolf Steiner while studying architecture in university in Texas.


Douglas has started working on preliminary plans for a purpose-built indigenous Waldorf school for the Akwesasne reserve. Actually constructing the planned building is still several steps away. Fundraising will be required. Stay tuned for further details as the plans evolve.

Thanks to the National Indian Brotherhood

The “We Will Gather Our Minds” event was organized by the Douglas Cardinal Foundation for Indigenous Waldorf Education and funded through a grant from the National Indian Brotherhood Trust Fund (money from the residential-school settlement).

The funding for the “We Will Gather Our Minds” enabled the Foundation to offer the conference at no cost to the educators, even paying their travel costs and providing accommodation for participants in the three day event.


The Douglas Cardinal Foundation would like to host more such workshops on an every-six-months schedule, but future events like this will depend on funding proposals that are still pending.

The report above was based on a conversation with James Brian, who attended the conference as a participant and organizer. The group photo (at the top of this post) is reprinted from the Akwesasne Freedom School Facebook page by permission. The other photos are from James Brian.

The report below is from Augsburg University professor Joaquin Munoz, who also wrote the daily blog posts about last summer’s Indigenous Waldorf Week course at the Rudolf Steiner Centre Toronto. In this report he reflects on both the Akwesasne conference “We Will Gather Our Minds” and on his experience participating in the week-long RSCT course.


Reflecting on a Haudenosaunee Waldorf-inspired Experience

Joaquin Munoz, Augsburg University


It will probably be impossible to calculate exactly how much impact the Waldorf educational world will experience from the experiences with our Haudenosaunee teachers in the last two weeks in Canada. From July 23rd to August 3rd, 2018, I was given the amazing opportunity to connect with Haudenosaunee educators working on Waldorf-inspired initiatives.

This was an especially important experience for me, as I was able to connect to Indigenous folks enacting Waldorf education practices. This was the subject of my dissertation, The Circle of Mind and Heart. In my dissertation, I did not get to connect directly to Indigenous educators, families or students who had experienced Waldorf education- in Toronto and in Akwasesne, I did! I it was a truly wonderful experience, both from the Waldorf education part of me, and the Indigenous education side of me.

Our first week at the Rudolf Steiner Center Toronto has been written about extensively, and I will not speak much about the second week of meetings at Akwesasne because that meeting is largely for the Haudenosaunee alone. I would like to say that the learning shared there was such a beautiful exchange. It saw, in some ways, a different direction of Waldorf inspired work.

The Rudolf Steiner Center Toronto work saw Haudenosaunee language, history and culture brought to the larger Waldorf education movement. The meetings in Akwesasne were in way completing the transaction, with our teachers brining aspects of Waldorf education for Haudenosaunee people to the folks gathered there.

The Rudolf Steiner Center Toronto has provided an amazing, and very necessary new impetus for Waldorf educators the world over to examine; the weeks I spent learning from teachers at the Everlasting Tree School and other educators from across the Six Nations Territory, have opened up a space for the important work of deciding what Waldorf is, and what it needs to be.

What Waldorf Education Is

In many respects, the greatest service that was provided to us in these two weeks has been the opportunity to come together in reaffirming what we love about Waldorf education. In discussions, in art projects, in engagement with teachers and students in warm and caring ways, in the deep considerations of spiritual impulses and implications, many of us found powerful kinships. There was a great deal of deep thinking and reflecting on what our activities, what they produce, and how they impact our students. We constantly spoke of the importance of connecting with our students in meaningful ways, and of the need to build authentic community with those around us.


What Waldorf Can Become

Along with the learning and deep connecting that occurred, many of the participants were thoughtful and cognizant of the important questions we must ask regarding Waldorf education’s inclusion of Indigenous ideas, history, culture and language. At the same time, questions arose of the appropriateness of Waldorf education’s inclusion for Indigenous youth.

Key ideas that came up during the two weeks I was present included questions of cultural appropriation versus cultural appreciation, colonization and decolonization, the importance of relationships and understanding, and the continued need to move into the future, and being rooted to a truthful past.

Ultimately, the two weeks were most significant for opening up crucial spaces for folks to ask questions, consider answers, and ask even more questions. This shows the important connection of relationship, of people and of coming together.

About a week after returning from my trip to Canada, I returned to my hometown of Tucson, Arizona, to conduct professional development work for a Waldorf school there. During my time with the school, I told many of the experiences of my time in Canada, and shared my commitment to their mission and work. It reminded me again of the words expressed to my friends in Toronto, of the duty, of the obligation, to honor the relationships I had started there.

With my friends in Tucson, I felt a renewed sense of this duty to a relationship. I have a renewed sense of mission, as I plan to continue working with folks doing Waldorf education, who are working to make it the best it can be for all children. My time working with the Toronto Steiner Center, the Everlasting Tree School and the Akwesasne Freedom School have all embued me with a deep sense of hope, purpose, and forward motion.

Once again, please note that if you want to attend the November Waldorf Development conference you must register online in advance. This year for the first time, the November Waldorf Development conference is open not only to teachers and administrators but also to parents and any other interested persons. No in-person registrations will be accepted at the start of the conference. Registration closes Nov. 9th at 6 pm. Please register as soon as possible, if you want to attend. Click Here to get to the page with the online registration forms.